Balance is the synchronized stimulation of the basic flavor profiles. The basic flavor profiles are defined as: sweet, sour, salty, bitter and savory.
The full article on the theory and the deduction of the theory is available at this Medium post written by Abhishek C George.
A cocktails must have at least three parts. A base spirit, a balancer and a lengthener. A cocktail can have two additional parts. The modifier and the stabilizer.
The process of art is the interpretation of a phenomenon through reflection and transference.